Fann Mountains

System borders

Fann mountains represents system of the mountain ridges stretched - from the West on the east, and in - from the south on the north, directions. It is considered to be the western border of system of Fansky mountains extended Chain Marguzor lake: the lake Hazor-Chashma located at height 2400м, Marguzor lake – 2139м, more low lake Hurdak, lake Nofin, lake Gushor, Lake the Soya and the lake Mizhgon known among tourists, as “seven beauties”, really worthy this popularity. Northern border of Fann mountains is the river Zeravshan valley; East - channels of the rivers the Fan-dara and Iskandar - dara; southern - Gissar ridge.

Relief

Relief of Fansky mountains form the Sarmat ridge – in the west, stretched with the south on the north, with heights from 3000 to 4545м over level The seas; mountains Dukdon – in the south, stretched from the West on the east, with the highest tops of Gardish (4720м) – in the west, and Dukdon (4896м) – in the east, a file of Mirali – Chimtarga – Pushnovat, mountains Sary – About – in the central part of a file of Fansky mountains, - with the highest tops: peak Moscow (5046м), Chimtarga (5489м), Mirali (5170м), Energy (5140м), peak Small Hansa (4956м), peak the Big Hansa (5308м), etc.

Since heights 3500м, and above, mountains are covered by eternal glaciers and which thaw under the hot flight sun of Tajikistan, forming numerous streams, small rivers and the deep rivers, including, the largest: Shing and Magijan – Darya – in the west; Archamaydon and the Sarmat, forming Kishtut – Darya, - in the central part.

Astrakhan fur and Arg forming Sary-Tag, the south; Iskandar-Dara and Jagnob, forming the Fan-dara, - in the east of a file of Fann mountains. All the ranked rivers bear the waters in the river Zeravshan abounding in water, Originating far in the east, in Matchinsky knot of mountain ridges:

Turkestan, Zeravshan, Gissars and Karategin, and bearing the waters through the city of Penjikent on the West, to Uzbekistan, giving the Reviver to vegetable and cotton fields and it is final, to inhabitants of kishlaks, auls, Penjikent, Samarkand, etc. Remarkable feature of Fann mountains is numerous the lakes, which overwhelming majority origins. The most known and popular among the tourists, already mentioned Marguzor lakes, Kuli kalon lake (2800м) and Aloudin (2700м), Big Allo (3195м) and it is final, the largest – lake the Iskander-lake, length - 5км, shrinoj - 3,5км and depth to – 80м, located at height 2250м and almost protected from winds from different directions heights mountains.

Informed between valleys of the rivers it is carried out through mountain pass. The most known among tourists and local population is Tobasang (3330м; н/к) between Maguzor lakes and a river Sarim valley; Munora (3520м; 1А) between valleys of the rivers Sarimat and the Archa-Maidan; х. Guytan (2600м; н/к) between a valley of the river Archa-Majdon and Kulikalon lakes; Алоудин (3860м; 1А) between Kulikalon and lakes Aloudin Дукдон (3820м; 1А) - between valleys of the rivers the Archa-Maidan and the Penalty-sack х. Pushnevat (4100м; 1А) - between valleys the Archa-Maidan and Arg; Laudan (3630m; н/к) - between Kulikalon lakes and the river of Pasrud-Dara.

Other passes, the big category of the complexity, popular, mainly, among mountain tourists, are: х. Double (4260; 1Б) - between valleys of the rivers Arg and the Archa-Maidan, through lakes Superior Hallo (3275м), Big Hallo (3195м) and bottom or Small Hallo (2400м) and valleys of the rivers Arg, Sarytag and lake the Iskandar-sack; х. Саоымат (4160; 1А) - between valleys of the rivers the Penalty-sack and Sarmat. Other passes, the big category of the complexity, popular, mainly, among mountain tourists, are: х. Double (4260; 1Б) - between valleys of the rivers Arg and the Archa-Maidan, through lakes Superior Hallo (3275м), Big Hallo (3195м) and bottom or Small Hallo (2400м) and valleys of the rivers Arg, Sarytag and lake the Iskandar-sack; х. Саоымат (4160; 1А) - between valleys of the rivers the Penalty-sack and Sarymat. The most popular passes among the prepared tourists for exit from Fann mountains in the Gissar valley located in a southern part of Republic Tajikistan, are: Gaznok Southern (4270; 1А) – between lake Iskander - a sack, valleys of the rivers Sary - Devol, Obiborik – on the one hand and valleys of the rivers Majhura and Varzob – on the other hand; х. Angusht (4090м; 1А) – between lake Iskander - a sack, valleys of the rivers Sary - Devol, Angisht - on the one hand and Kara- Tag rivers, Pajron and lake Pajron - on the other hand; х. Mess (3790м; 1А) – between lake Iskander - a sack, valleys of the rivers Sary - Tag, the Penalty - the Sack, Zambar Northern – on the one hand and Zambar Southern, the Penalty - of Tag – on the other hand.

Remarkable feature of passes is that from some of them surprisingly fine panorama of surrounding mountains and nearby lakes opens. In this plan passes are especially indicative: Aloudinsky and Munora.

With Aloudinsky (3860м; 1А) the pass, dividing natural boundary Chimtargi - on the one hand, and ур. Kaznoka, - on the other hand, the bewitching panorama of snow-covered tops of Chapdary (5197м), Energy (5140м), Mirali (5170м), Chimtargi (5489м) opens, is visible the scattered saucers of Kulikalonsky lakes sparkling in solar beams, and amazing with the многоцветьем Aloudinsky lakes.

From pass х. Мунора (3520м; 1А) Mirali, majestic Chimtarga and Energy are visible on the other hand, and nearby tower Red Moscow (5046м) and a dome of the Sugar Head. The pass Dukdon saddle more to the right of which the powerful ridge of snow-covered tops of majestic mountains Dukdona towers is perfectly visible.

Vegetation

The birch, poplar, raspberry, black and red currant, sea-buckthorn berries, barberry, dog rose, wild cherry much grow in valleys of the rivers, эфедра; the age of separate, unique, which representatives reaches 1000; still above – colorful alpine meadows among which in June meets кислица much, and in July – August it is possible to meet and thickets of a gold root.

Fauna

The rich flora is both food, and a protection frame of not less rich fauna of birds. Bears and wolves, above mountain goats and snow leopards live in mountains; in a zone of the Alpine meadows marmots whistle; more low in wood thickets – foxes, hares.

The feathery world is represented by soaring eagles, mountain partridges, the Indian starlings, белобокие сороки and ubiquitous sparrows.

The world of butterflies, dragonflies, insects and reptiles including poisonous (scorpions and snakes) is present. But for 25 years of acquaintance to Fansky mountains the author never was even the eyewitness of victims

Hospitable owners – Tajiks

At last, - the last: one after another, but not on value: to see all above-stated, to you, the Dear reader, republics SNG and the far abroad, it is necessary: to arrive by train or to arrive by plane in Republic Tajikistan capital – Dushanbe;

- To arrive by train, with change in Tashkent, or to arrive by plane in Hujant (the former Leninabad);

- To arrive by train, with change in Tashkent, or to arrive by plane in Samarkand (in Uzbekistan), whence motor transport on a motorway to Penjikent – 65км.

To choose a route of arrival (arrival), the Dear reader – the tourist, follows, considering the beginning of the route chosen by you, in view of that from the lake Iskander - the Sack to Dushanbe of 167 km on mountain road, to Hujant of 251 km, and to Penjikent – 154 km; from Marguzor lakes to Penjikenta of 47 km, Dushanbe - of 289 km, Hujant of 282 km.

To choose, Dear tourist, you awake, but long-term experience grants the moral right to the author of this description to recommend a choice in favour of Penjikent where in fine hotel «Panjakent - Intour», located under mountains, at height 900м, but is not far from city centre.

You will be met by the affable collective headed by the hospitable and director of M.Sharifbadalov.