The city is located in the central western part of the republic, in the center of Hissar Valley, the greenest and the most densely populated part of the country. The city is surrounded by mountains: from the north by
Hissar Fortress used to be a palace of one of Bukhara Emirate becks. The fortress with 1 m walls and loopholes for guns and cannons towered on a high hill's slope and was carefully guarded. Inside there was a pool and a garden. Across from the fortress there was a noisy market square with a caravanserai and a variety of shops.
Another remarkable structure of Hissar complex is the caravanserai "Khishtin" which means "made of bricks". At first sight this is an ordinary building. What is so remarkable about it? The thing is that by the 20th century the caravanserai represented only the remains of foundation and burned-brick walls fragments no higher than 1 m.