Dushanbe, the capital city of the republic, is located in Hissar Valley in the south of Tajikistan.
Before the revolution the site of the present capital of Tajikistan was occupied by three small kishlaks: Sary Assija, Shahmansur and Dushanbe (dushanbe means "Monday" in Tajik; the market-day in the kishlak).
The museum was opened in 2001 as a departmental museum, but at the same time it has a national status, which was recognized by value and importance of its collections at the state level.
Shakhmansur Bazaar is the biggest bazaar in downtown Dushanbe and has a huge variety of foods (very cheap by Western standards), including dried fruit, nuts, fresh fruits and vegetables, spices, meats, and bread, as well as an odd assortment of tools and household products. It is possible to see the entire bazaar in an hour or two. The locals always charge foreigners more, so do your best to strike a bargain.
Abu Abdullah Jafar ibn Mohammad ibn Hakim ibn Abdurrahman ibn Adam Rudaki Samarghandi - or just short: Rudaki. An ancient Persian poet and seen as the founder of Tajik culture. A statue is located in the Bagh-i Markazi park in central Dushanbe.
The monument of Ismoil Somoni is situated on Ozodi square. The height of the monument is more then 25 meters. This monument was placed in 1999 in honor of 1100 anniversary of the state of the Samanids. The monument is richly decorated with gold and looks impressively.
The National Library of Tajikistan was officially opened in 2012. A nine-storey building with a total space of 45.000m² and containing approximately 10 million books is the largest library in Central Asia. The imposing white edifice is situated in the centre of the city and is yet another expression of the gigantomania of the Tajik government of the last years.
The Botanical Garden of Tajikistan Academy of Sciences contains the collection of unique trees and plants from all over the world.
Chayhana Rohat is constructed in the time of Soviet Union in 1958. The hand of great Tajik masters is seen in construction of this chayhana, used the forces and knowledge in a national art version - Chayhana consists of two floors and simultaneously can serve upto 80 persons.